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Ferdinand Magellan

ferdinand Magellan

Portugal both claimed possession of the Moluccas by the Treaty of Tordesillas, and only in 1529 the dispute could be resolved with the Treaty of Zaragoza, with whom Spain had to give up its claims on the area. In fact it took three months for the fleet to make its way slowly across the vast. Juan Sebastion Elcano, Edited Appletons Encyclopedia. Since Brazil was Portuguese territory, Magellan was cautious, and on December 13, anchored near present-day Rio de Janeiro. During the centuries that followed, European colonizers would remold the world, spreading Christianity while often abusing indigenous peoples and exploiting colonial populations. In 1511, Magellan was on a voyage for Portugal to the Spice Islands and participated in the conquest of Malacca where he acquired his servant Enrique.

Of noble parentage, he became a page at the Portuguese court where he learned astronomy and nautical science. His interpreter, who was baptized as Enrique (Henry the Black) in Malacca in 1511, had been captured by Sumatran slavers from his home islands.

Keeping steadily to a northwesterly course, he reached the equator 13 February, 1521, and the Ladrones 6 March. He was forced to return to Portugal in 1512. The fleet, now reduced to Trinidad and Victoria, fled westward to Palawan.

Little was known about the geography beyond South America at that time, and Magellan optimistically estimated that the trip across the Pacific would be rapid. Magellan called the island of Guam the "Island of Sails" because they saw a lot of sailboats. Some accounts state Enrique fled into the forest. He was the son of Pedro Ruy de Magalhäes, mayor of the town, and of Alda de Mezquita. Completing a voyage of more than three years, they had succeeded in circumnavigating the globe. Place of Death, mactan, Philippines, aKA, fernando de Magallanes, hernando de Magallanes. Although it is not absolutely documented, Magellan may have been part of the voyage that reached the Spice Islands in 1511. The western route discovered by Magellan was not used for years as Spain was busy acquiring land in South America and Portuguese sought sailing eastwards through the Cape of Good Hope a faster and more convenient route. Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors scrutinizing The Ideal Citizen and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation. During his voyage of discovery on the Island of Mactan in the Philippines, 27 April, 1521. He traveled further and explored the Moluccas, known as the Spice Islands (now part of Indonesia home to some of the worlds most expensive spices, including cloves and nutmeg. The circumnavigation was not the end of Magellan, he just wanted to find the passage to the west to the Spice Islands and India.

Magellan first assigned Concepcion and San Antonio to explore the strait, but the latter, commanded by Gomez, deserted and returned to Spain on November 20, 1520. They managed to trade with the Sultan of Tidore, a rival of the Sultan of Ternate, who was the ally of the Portuguese. Magellan himself had not succeeded in his principal purpose, to circumnavigate the globe in one voyage. Soon he earned an honorable mention for having thwarted a mutiny and saved lives.