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and following a course that leads through errors arising from ignorance and fear to an ultimate standard truth which is characterized as the "fruit. They believed that a society based around reason instead of religious fanaticism would improve the way people think to more critical, scientific thinking about social issues and problems. Online 2009) George Agar-Ellis,. So sublime and yet so simple does censorship of violence Rousseau find the Gospel that he can scarcely believe it the work of men.
Their moral theories, deriving though they did from Hobbes and Hume, lost all connection with the position of Deism, which became for them a mere armory of weapons for the destruction of all religion with its consequences, intolerance and moral corruption. The state censorship, however, compelled the projectors to call to their aid a number of contributors of conservative views and to bring their skeptical method to the task of defending the compromise between reason and revelation. Letters to sir Horace Mann.
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9 Notable philosophes edit See also edit Kishlansky, Mark,. Chief among their desired reforms was intellectual freedomthe freedom to use one's own reason and to publish the results. Systeme is not original in ascribing the beginnings of religion to human hope and fear and to ignorance of the laws of nature. Yet positive religion to him is not so much the product of ignorance and fear as the corruption of the original instinct through the selfishness of man, who has erected rigid creeds that he might arrogate to himself unwarranted privilege or escape the obligations. 5 Usage in modern English edit The word "philosophe" has been used in English since the Middle Ages.