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one of the first consuls, Lucius Junius Brutus, came from a plebeian family. However, the Eastern Senate survived in Constantinople, until the ancient institution finally vanished there. It was, therefore, more likely to seek an alliance of protection with Rome and this growing coalition expanded the potential enemies that Rome might face, and moved Rome closer to confrontation with major powers. Their attempts to power as Populares were opposed by the Optimates within the Roman Senate. The last king of Rome, Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, was following a coup dtat led by Lucius Junius Brutus. Caesar issued coins featuring images of elephants, suggesting that he favored this interpretation of his name, despite their ancient pedigree, the Julii Caesares were not especially politically influential, although they had enjoyed some revival of their political fortunes in the early 1st century. 88-87 BC, Sullas first civil war - Sulla marches on Rome and defeats Gaius Marius 86 BC,86 BC, The death of the regent of China Jin Midi unleashes the rivalry of his co-regents Shangguang Jie and Huo Guang. Additional religious duties included certain rites which, as a sign of their formal importance, consuls also read auguries, an essential step before leading armies into the field. Originally an emergency appointment in the Roman Republic, the term Dictator did not have the negative meaning it has now. Rome professionalised and expanded its military and created a system of government called res publica, the inspiration for modern republics such as the United States and France.
Praetors administered civil law and commanded provincial armies. Consuls had supreme power in both civil and military matters.
These remained in place until the office was abolished in 367/366 BC, consuls had extensive powers in peacetime, and in wartime often held the highest military command. After the transition of the Republic into the Principate, the Senate lost much of its power as well as its prestige. The 1st century BC, also known as the last century BC, started on the first day of 100 BC and ended on the last day of. A Dictator was a magistrate given sole power for a limited duration, at the end of the term, the Dictators power returned to normal Consular rule whereupon a dictator provided accountability, though not all dictators accepted a return to power sharing. While there were exceptions to this, it was not until after the Second Punic War that word Changed Over Time NIgger these alliances started to harden into something more like an empire and this shift mainly took place in parts of the west, such as the southern Italian towns that. Two centuries after that, towards the end of the 1st century BC, it included the rest of modern France, Greece, and much of the eastern Mediterranean. Eventually, most legislative powers were transferred to another assembly, the Plebeian Council, ultimately, it was the Plebeian Council that disrupted the balance between the senate, the legislative branch, and the executive branch. Huo Guang continues to be de facto ruler of China,73 BC, A slave rebellion led by the escaped gladiator Spartacus leads to the Third Servile War. Over time, the laws that gave exclusive rights to Romes highest offices were repealed or weakened. At first, the men were angry with Roma, but they realized that they were in the ideal place to settle. When the king died, that power naturally reverted to the patres.
This period also saw the work of Yaska, who created Nirukta, Ancient Greek philosophy developed during the 5th century BC, setting the foundation for Western ideology. Caesars adopted heir Octavian, later known as Augustus, rose to power after defeating his opponents in the civil war. After the Romans expelled their kings, they were well aware of the problems of letting a single man hold absolute power for life, so they created a split appointment with a set time period, one year. Legend says that the Latins invited the Sabines to a festival and stole their unmarried maidens, leading to the integration of the Latins, after a long time in rough seas, they landed at the banks of the Tiber River.
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