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The Geographcal Description of Lebanon
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History speech (Australian Federation)


history speech (Australian Federation)

Commons and a Senate, which will legislate on these great subjects. The second National Australasian Convention met three times during 18 in Adelaide, Sydney and Melbourne, and used the 1891 draft constitution as a starting point for deliberations. The primary reason given by Premier Parkes 3 for federation in the Tenterfield Oration was the united defence of the Australian continent. When this thing will be done. Parkes' call provided the momentum that led to Australia becoming a nation. The House of Representatives was to be elected based on population (with members representing electorates made up of approximately the same amount of people) while the Senate would provide all states with equal representation. One of the most significant changes made to the draft constitution related to the Senate. Federal Parliament would comprise the Queen (represented by the Governor-General the Senate and the House of Representatives.

History speech (Australian Federation)
history speech (Australian Federation)

Tenterfield Oration - Wikipedia



history speech (Australian Federation)

But if we are to carry out the recommendations of General Edwards on matters military, it will be absolutely necessary for us to have a central authority, which could bring all the forces of the different colonies into one army. But still, even if this were done, there would be an absence of the necessary executive government. Indeed, this great thing will have to be done, and to put it off will only tend to make the difficulties which stand in the way. Spence formed the Effective Voting League of South Australia. The conference agreed 'the interests and prosperity of the Australian colonies would be served by an early union under the crown'. Queensland, fearing federation might mean the loss of its Pacific Islander labour force, decided not to take part. Finally, in March 1896 elections for convention delegates were held in New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia. We must appoint a convention of leading men from all the colonies. As to the steps, which should be taken to bring about the foregoing, a conference of authorities has been suggested but we must take a broader and more powerful action on the initiation of this great council. Seeing no other means of obtaining these ends, it seems to me that the time is close at hand when we ought to set about creating this great national Government for all Australia. Catherine Helen Spence was born in Scotland on Her family migrated to South Australia in 1839 after the failure of her fathers business.

The convention also agreed to a clause proposed by the Tasmanian Premier, Sir Edward Braddon, to return to the states three-quarters of the revenue collected by the federal government through customs and excise. I have just returned from Brisbane, and the object of my business has been not to force my advice on the authorities there, but to discuss with them these matters. All great questions will be dealt with in a broad manner just as the Congress deals with the national affairs of the United States and as the Parliament of the Dominion of Canada deals with similar questions. 'Don't be in such a hurry gentlemen! A special premiers' conference was held in Hobart in 1895 at which most of the colonies agreed to Quick's proposal. The convention comprised elected and appointed representatives from all the colonies except Queensland.

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