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The Great Train Robbery of 1855
The London side of the investigation then continued under Detective Chief Superintendent Tommy Butler, who replaced Ernest (Ernie) Millen as head of the Flying Squad shortly..
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Italian Women Artists
Artists' self-portraits offer insights not only into self-identity but the cultural milieu. These artists who were nuns include Caterina dei Virgi, Antonia Uccello, and Suor Barbara..
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Through Cloning Would Life Be Infinite?

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Capital Punishment in Our Civilization

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Critical Habitat in Alaska for Polar Bears


critical Habitat in Alaska for Polar Bears

oil and gas industry, and existing North Slope oil fields. The total, which includes large areas of sea ice off competitive School Environments the Alaska coast, is about 13,000 square miles (33,670. 15, it rejected, for example, an argument that FWS had not been discriminating enough, resulting in the designation of virtually all of the polar bears range.S. Polar Bear Critical Habitat Rule, in 2008, the FWS listed the polar bear as a threatened species under the ESA.

The Arctic is changing fast and we need to look ahead and make sure polar bears and other sea ice dependent species have a place of refuge as the sea ice, their most important habitat, melts away. FWS based its selection of terrestrial denning habitat on four PCEs: (1) den sites, stable steep slopes with water or relatively level ground below and relatively flat terrain above the slope; (2) unobstructed, undisturbed access between den sites and the coast; (3) sea ice. The district court upheld many aspects of the FWS decision to designate polar bear critical habitat, but nevertheless vacated and remanded the designation based upon a perceived procedural error and flaws in the support provided for designating habitat Units 2 and 3 (terrestrial denning and. The FWSs conservation plan involves safeguarding a mostly offshore area of Alaskas North Slope for polar bears, which require sea ice for hunting, breeding and migrating. 35 It characterized the district courts decision as requiring the agency to offer proof of existing polar bear activity in areas designated as critical habitat, rather than evidence that an area contained suitable habitat. Air Force radar sites were exempted from the final rule, as were Native Alaskan communities in Barrow and Kaktovik, Alaska.

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2, the Elephant Man - The Film the Ninth Circuits decision reverses an Alaska district court ruling that found flaws in the FWS designations of on-shore denning areas and barrier islands as critical habitat and a procedural error in the agencys consultation with the State of Alaska. 19, the district court found that FWS had relied almost entirely on data showing that 95 percent of polar bear dens were observed within the designated area within.6 miles of the coast in the Canada-to-Kavik region and within.8 miles of the coast. 23 Salazar, 916.2d at 1001-02. Kassie Siegel, a lawyer for the Center for Biological Diversity, an environmental group that has filed a lawsuit to increase protections for the polar bear, hailed the designation of critical habitat. 26 See Salazar, 916.2d at 1002. 32 Salazar, 916.2d at 1003. March 23, 2016, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals has upheld the designation of 187,000 square miles of the Arctic Ocean, the Bering Sea, and Alaskas northern coast as critical habitat for the polar bear. But the state of Alaska, the Alaska Oil and Gas Association and a coalition of Alaskan indigenous groups successfully sued in 2013, claiming that the federal plan was an overreach, not based on solid science and risked stymying the states oil production industry. Oil and Gas Association, said the action would hurt oil and gas exploration in Alaska by creating more delays and added costs to projects in what already is a high-cost environment, she said.


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